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Understanding Electricity Price Increases
CLIMATE CHANGE RESOURCES
The Green Connection produces materials and other resources that aim to raised awareness about environmental issues. These resources can be downloaded and used provided that the sources are acknowledged and the aim of the resources is for public education not for gain.
The South African Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers Procurement Programme has been very successful in ensuring that renewable energy has been included into the energy mix of country.
A proportion of energy project income was to be directed towards socio-economic development, and communities were required to hold a certain portion of ownership.
This report reviews how the socio-economic aspects of the projects have been implemented and concludes that there are various unintended consequences that have undermined the ability of the programme to deliver on its promises.
Renewable Energy is the long term future for South Africa, and hence it is important to implement it in the best manner possible. This research is therefore not a critique of renewable energy but a critique of the current form of implementation. South Africa’s Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers Programme Process (REI4P) was one of the programmes identified as a climate change flagship programme in the National Climate Change. Response white paper published in 2011.
The responsibility that coal-fired power stations bear for ambient air quality associated health impacts.
An Alternative Energy vision for South Africa. The report provides ideas of how we could meet our energy needs for the future using energy wisely, and focusing on renewable energy as our future electricity supply. The approach used in producing these reports is to draw on local examples that demonstrate success. The Decentralised approach to energy supply Report was produced as part of input into the World Bank Energy Strategy.
During 2012 to 2013, The Electricity Governance Initiative of South Africa (EGI-SA)5 assessed the REIPPPP process using an analytic framework developed by the Open Climate Network (OCN), a global network of independent research institutes and civil society working to monitor countries’ progress on climate change. Convened by the World Resources Institute, OCN seeks to accelerate the transition to a low-emission, climate-resilient future by providing consistent and credible information that enhances accountability both between and within countries. For this project, OCN worked in conjunction with WRI’s Measurement and Performance Tracking Project (MAPT).
South Africa, like many middle income countries, is facing the challenge of pursuing low carbon policies in the context of high levels of inequality and persistent hunger and malnutrition. High and rising food and electricity prices are exacerbating inequalities, and leave too many people to choose between using scarce household budgets for food or for electricity.
This chapter aims to demonstrate that not only does South Africa have an abundance of renewable energy in the form of sun, wind, etc., but that this energy can be harnessed to meet the energy needs of the country. I argue that a commitment away from polluting coal and nuclear towards renewable energy would contribute to a healthy environment as well as improved socio-economic conditions for all citizens, providing a path of economic development which would grow the economy in a sustainable manner. Electric-Capitalism (free download)
The “green” economy appears to offer an economic development solution that could provide economic development that would serve the needs of the poorest within society while protecting our environmental resources (our air, water and land) both for current and future generations.
Recent studies report that 80% of marine resources are fully or over exploited. In an attempt to address this, countries are moving towards implementing an Ecosystems Approach (EAF) to Fisheries management.
A strong component of an EAF is the involvement of fishing sector stakeholders in the making of decisions that affect them but, despite this, no formal or informal information exchange or training on this and other EAF concepts existed in South Africa prior to the development of the Responsible Fisheries Programme (RFP).
Green connection worked with other NGOS to expose the lack of participation by people affected. The IRP is the electricity plan for the country and Green Connection analysed the public comments submitted to see whether these comments were taken on board by the government officials.
12th October 2010. The civil society analysis of the inputs and comments in the Integrated Resources Plan IRP2 were produced with the support from Institute for Security Studies’ Corruption & Governance Programme, The Green Connection, Project 90×2030, Southern African Faith Communities Environment Institute and WWF-SA.
The Electricity Governance Initiative (EGI) is a collaborative global initiative of civil society, policymakers, regulators, and other electricity sector actors to promote the open, transparent, and accountable decision-making processes that are a necessary part of a socially and environmentally sustainable energy future. EGI BOOK APPENDIX 2 CD
The report drew on various case studies.
Biogas generation. Kuyasa Solar Water Heating Systems. Erongo wind generation. NuRa solar energy home systems. Sisal Biogas System. Tanwat biomass generation. Ekurhuleni Energy Efficiency and Refurbishment. Mini-case study – independent home system. Mini-case study – Sol Plaaitjie street lighting. Additional Reports by Liz McDaid: Electricity Governance Initiative – South Africa The BIC report ENERGY CHOICES FOR THE GREEN ECONOMY IN SOUTH AFRICA
National Planning Commission Minority Report CT Civil Society May 11th Publications McDaid E. and Kruger L, “Funnelling Public Participation towards more effective environmental decision-making in EIAs”. IAIA-SA conference 2004 McDaid E., ” NGO concerns about the EIA process “. IAIA newsletter January 2002 McDaid E., EEU, PLAAS, “Co-management of Coastal and Fisheries Resources” – Awareness raising and Capacity Building programme materials. Environmental Evaluation Unit, UCT 2001 McDaid E., “Sustainable Development and the Environmental Impact Assessment Process: The Fair Process” – for WESSA:WC. IAIA-SA conference Partnerships for the new century 2000 McDaid Liz., “The Environmentally F.A.I.R. EIA Process” – Report for WESSA:WC 2000McDaid E., “Approaches to Sustainable Energy – Cape Town”. United Nations Habitat II conference proceedings, 1996
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